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Changes In GST Law Effective From 1 October 2023- Part III | LogiTax
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Changes In GST Law Effective From 1 October 2023- Part III

05-02-2024
GST
Mrudula Joshi

Changes In GST Law Effective From 1 October 2023- Part III

On 31st July, 2023, CBIC issued Notification no. 28/2023-Central Tax. It was mentioned in the said notification that the provisions of sections 137 to 162 (except sections 149 to 154) of the Finance Act, 2023 shall come into force w.e.f. 01st of October, 2023.

Also, it specified that the provisions of sections 149 to 154 of the said Act shall come into force w.e.f. 01st of August, 2023.

To understand sections 137 to 139 of the Finance Act, read our blog “Effective GST Changes w.e.f. October 01, 2023- Part I”.

To understand sections 140 to 146 of the Finance Act, 2023, read our blog “Effective GST Changes w.e.f. October 01, 2023- Part II’’.

Let's discuss sections 147 to 156 of the Finance Act, 2023 in this part!

Section 147 of the Finance Act 2023

Section 147 deals with amendments in section 56 of the CGST Act, 2017.

Section 56 of the CGST Act, 2017 covers provisions related to Interest on delayed refunds.

Earlier, section 56 stated that if any tax ordered to be refunded under sub-section (5) of section 54 to any applicant is not refunded within sixty days from the date of receipt of application under sub-section (1) of that section, interest at such rate not exceeding six per cent. as may be specified in the notification issued by the Government on the recommendations of the Council shall be payable in respect of such refund from the date immediately after the expiry of sixty days from the date of receipt of application under the said sub-section till the date of refund of such tax.

Now, the wordings “from the date immediately after the expiry of sixty days from the date of receipt of application under the said sub-section till the date of refund of such tax” are changed to “for the period of delay beyond sixty days from the date of receipt of such application till the date of refund of such tax, to be computed in such manner and subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed”.

It means that the government will be empowered to prescribe the mechanism, computation, manner, and restrictions for payment of interest on delayed refunds beyond 60 days from the date of receipt of refund application until the date of refund.

Section 148 of the Finance Act 2023

Section 148 deals with amendments in section 62 of the CGST Act, 2017.

Section 62 of the CGST Act, 2017 covers provisions related to the Assessment of non-filers of returns.

Section 62 of the CGST Act, 2017 states that when a registered person fails to file the returns even after show cause notice, the proper officer may pass an order under best judgment assessment. However, where a registered person files the returns within 30 days of the service of the best judgment assessment order, the said assessment order shall be deemed to have been withdrawn. This time limit of 30 days is extended to 60 days by way of this amendment. The period of 60 days may further be extended to 120 days on the payment of additional late fees above the standard late fee.

Section 149 to 154 of the Finance Act 2023

These sections deal with amendments to sections 109, 110, 114, 117, 118, and 119 of the CGST Act. All these sections cover provisions relating to the constitution of Appellate Authority and assessments.

Section 155 of the Finance Act 2023

Section 155 deals with amendments to section 122 of the CGST Act, 2017.

Section 122 covers provisions relating to penalties for certain offenses. A new sub-section 1B is inserted in it as follows:

“(1B) Any electronic commerce operator who

  1. allows a supply of goods or services or both through it by an unregistered person other than a person exempted from registration by a notification issued under this Act to make such supply.
  2. allows an inter-state supply of goods or services or both through it by a person who is not eligible to make such inter-state supply.
  3. fails to furnish the correct details in the statement to be furnished under sub-section (4) of section 52 of any outward supply of goods effected through it by a person exempted from obtaining registration under this Act.

Shall be liable to pay a penalty of ten thousand rupees, or an amount equivalent to the amount of tax involved had such supply been made by a registered person other than a person paying tax under section 10, whichever is higher.”

By way of this amendment, penal provisions are introduced for electronic commerce operators in cases where there is a violation of specified provisions relating to supplies of goods made through ECO by unregistered persons or composition taxpayers. The maximum penalty amount is Rs.20,000/- or the tax amount involved in such supply, whichever is higher.

Section 156 of the Finance Act 2023

Section 156 deals with amendments to section 132 of the CGST Act, 2017.
Section 132 covers provisions relating to Punishment for certain offenses.

Its sub-section 1 states that Whoever commits, or causes to commit and retain the benefits arising out of, any of the mentioned offenses, shall be punishable with imprisonment or fine, or both.

From the list of offenses, the following sub-clauses are removed:
(g) Obstructs or prevents any officer in the discharge of his duties under this Act
(j) Tampers with or destroys any material evidence or documents
(k) Fails to supply any information which he is required to supply under this Act or the rules made thereunder or (unless with a reasonable belief, the burden of proving which shall be upon him, that the information supplied by him is true) supplies false information

Further, this amendment will increase the limit for launching prosecution from INR 1 Crore to INR 2 Crores except for the offense of issuance of invoice without supply of goods or services.

Thus, in case of offenses, other than fake invoices, prosecution provisions will be initiated if the value of taxes is more than Rs. 2 Crores. For fake invoices, the prosecution will continue as for the threshold tax amount of Rs. 1 Crore.

Conclusion :

In conclusion, the recent amendments to the GST laws effective from October 1, 2023, bring significant changes in interest on delayed refunds, best judgment assessments, penalties for electronic commerce operators, and prosecution thresholds. These modifications aim to enhance procedural efficiency, compliance, and enforcement. Stay updated and adapt to these changes for a smoother GST compliance journey.

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